Everything you need to know about STIs

What are Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)? STIs are viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites that are transmitted during unprotected or poorly protected sexual relations. Sexually Transmitted Infections are most often transmitted during unprotected or poorly protected sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal or oral), with someone who has an STI. But this is not the only mode of transmission. Some can also be contracted by other routes, such as skin-to-skin contact, especially between mucous membranes, blood transmission, sharing an infected syringe or from mother to child during pregnancy. . Most Sexually Transmitted Infections are treatable. The best way to protect yourself from STIs is to use a condom, whether internal or external, and a lubricating gel (to avoid cracking) for all sexual relations with vaginal and anal penetration. Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) A Sexually Transmitted Infection may be “silent”, in which case it is said to be asymptomatic, but some of them can cause symptoms, such as: Burns; discharge from the penis, vagina or anus; pimples in the region of the genitals, anus, mouth; fever, fatigue, headache; lower abdominal pain; itches; inflammation of the genitals: skin redness and increase in volume of the scrotum (envelope of the testicles) or the large and small lips of the perineum; nausea, diarrhoea… What are the most common Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)? Among the most common are: Chlamydia This is the most common STI among young people. It is transmitted during unprotected sexual intercourse by vaginal or anal penetration or during intimate caresses and friction. Most often, this infection is asymptomatic. It can occasionally manifest itself as burning, unusual discharge, pain during intercourse, stomach pain or fever. Signs usually appear 1 to 2 weeks after infection. Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is transmitted mainly during sexual intercourse but also from mother to child during pregnancy. It causes burning, yellow discharge from the penis, vagina or anus, fever, and pain in the lower abdomen. These signs can appear 2 to 7 days after contamination. Trichomonas This infection is manifested by discharge from the vagina, penis or anus, itching and burning. Signs can appear from 1 week or more after contamination. Syphilis Its initial symptom is the appearance of a small, painless sore (called a chancre). Subsequently, it can lead to small red patches or pimples on the skin and mucous membranes. Signs usually appear 2 to 4 weeks after infection. Papillomaviruses (HPV) The human papillomavirus is transmitted during sexual intercourse, mainly by intimate contact, skin to skin, even without penetration with a person or persons carrying the virus. Not all of them are dangerous, but some cause lesions which, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications and develop into cancer of the cervix. Hepatitis Hepatitis A is a virus that is usually transmitted through food (ingestion of water or food contaminated with faeces) but also during oral-fecal sexual practices. Hepatitis B is transmitted through the blood (sexual intercourse, sharing needles). This infection is manifested by fatigue, muscle and joint pain, fever, headache, nausea, diarrhea, dark urine, yellowish complexion. Signs usually appear 2 to 8 weeks after contamination. Hepatitis C is mainly transmitted through blood exchange. However, there may be sexual intercourse with direct or indirect blood exchange. Hepatitis not diagnosed in time or poorly treated is likely to lead to very serious complications and lead to the chronicity of the disease. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) It is transmitted by blood, sperm and vaginal secretions during unprotected or poorly protected sexual relations with an HIV-positive person. This infection can manifest itself 15 days after contamination by fever , rash, fatigue and diarrhea then these signs disappear. Before reaching the stage of AIDS, HIV develops for several years without any visible symptoms. AIDS is a chronic disease that cannot be cured, but it is possible to block its development by taking medication for life. And at HEYME, what does mutual insurance give? At HEYME from €9.90/month we cover your essential needs: hospitalization, routine care, pharmacy. And if you need extended coverage, we offer 4 levels of guarantees to meet your expectations. Regardless of the level chosen, you have unlimited access to medical teleconsultation 24 hours a day with ABI. You can consult a doctor from your smartphone and directly from your sofa! We also provide you with an app to view your reimbursements, download your third-party payment card, send us your documents and find a doctor near you! And the icing on the cake… an app with good deals and discounts on your favorite brands: shopping, cinema, restaurant… 👉 HEYME student health insurance

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