Do you want to make ends meet and are you thinking of a student job? To know your rights and obligations, here is what you need to remember.
Student job regulations
To work legally in France, you must be at least 16 years old, but you can still multiply odd jobs from the age of 14, with parental authorization.
Like any other job, a student job entitles you to an employment contract. Depending on the needs of your employer, this contract can be for a fixed term (CDD) or for an indefinite period (CDI).
You can terminate your contract early by respecting the predefined conditions and notice period. However, certain practices are prohibited:
- Night shifts between 8 p.m. and 6 a.m.
- The line work
- Strenuous activities, requiring the handling of dangerous machines (for under 18s).
The difference between a summer job and a student job
Unlike the student job, the summer job must always be fixed-term (CDD). You must respect the internal regulations just like the other employees and you benefit from the same rights: the canteen, breaks, public holidays, etc.
Your employer must, however, give you:
- A work certificate
- An individual training access slip (BIAF)
- An Assedic certificate
If you are between 14 and 16 years old, your employer must also submit a request for authorization to recruit to the labor inspector before being able to hire you.
The case of foreign students
Students from the EU and Switzerland can stay in France and have free access to a job (with the exception of Croats). Otherwise, you need a long-stay visa or a temporary residence permit with the mention “student” to be able to work as an employee in metropolitan France.
As a foreign student, you can work up to 60% full time (964 hours per year). Your employer must declare you to the prefecture.
If you are between 14 and 16 years old:
The working time cannot exceed 7 hours per day, including 4 and a half consecutive hours. Please note that you can only work during school holidays.
If you are between 16 and 18 years old:
The working time is limited to 35 hours per week, but you can add 5 additional hours, provided you have exceptional authorization from the labor inspector.
With the exception of activities such as hotels, restaurants, or the medical sector, the legal weekly rest period is 24 consecutive hours. You also get 2.5 days off for every month worked!
The remuneration of a student job
It corresponds to the minimum remuneration defined by law. In 2019, the hourly minimum wage is €10.03 net. This remuneration is reduced by:
- 20% if you are under 17
- 10% if you are between 17 and 18 years old