A real public health issue, addiction is a social phenomenon that must be taken seriously to better understand it and better manage its repercussions.
How to define an addiction? What are its consequences on health and social life? How to get out?
Addiction: what is it?
Addiction is defined as the harmful attachment to a substance or activity and the constant, uncontrollable urge to engage in a course of action despite being aware of all the physical and psychological harm resulting from it and despite every effort to get away from it.
We speak of addiction when the individual is unable to control his consumption of psychoactive substances such as alcohol, tobacco, drugs and/or control his excessive practice of certain activities such as video games, screens , gambling, sex (hypersexuality), shopping, physical exercise (overtraining)…
These are compulsive and recurrent behaviors, characterized by the search for a feeling of pleasure felt following the consumption of the substance or the practice of the activity in question.
The consequences of addiction on health
Addiction poses many health risks. From the first uses, the damage begins to be felt on the body.
Alcohol addiction leads to problems with the digestive tract and can cause cancer of the digestive tract. It can also cause severe liver failure or even cirrhosis. As for smoking, the first risk factor for lung cancer, it damages respiratory and cardiac functions. It also has adverse effects on the tongue, esophagus and trachea.
Addiction to certain drugs leads to sometimes irreversible neurological effects. It can trigger psychosis or rupture of aneurysm and strongly contributes to increased heart rate.
Addiction to games of chance and gambling has many negative repercussions on the mental health of addicts in whom there is anxiety, anxiety and depression.
Addiction heavily impacts the personal, professional and social lives of addicted individuals.
The professional consequences of addiction
The repercussions of addiction on professional life are reflected in relational difficulties within the company, by a high rate of absenteeism. Therefore the addict risks having financial problems which can go as far as the loss of his job.
Addiction-related problems have repercussions on the addict’s family circle and on the cohesion of family ties.
Disturbed relationships, an unpleasant family climate, worried relatives… so many consequences that lead to depressive and anxiety disorders in the pockets of the addict. Addicts can have violent and aggressive behavior with their loved ones and create a lot of tension with those around them.
Addiction hides behind the juvenile delinquency of many teenagers who begin to have difficulties and see their school performance decline.
Addiction also leads to many legal problems, even social disintegration.
It is important to emphasize that addictions to games such as gambling, gambling and poker can lead to suicide. Indeed, it has been found that the suicide rate is very high among game addicts. The latter are forced to participate in criminal activities to obtain enough resources and continue to play.
Drug addiction can cause death directly through overdose or indirectly through dangerous behavior under the influence of psychoactive substances.
How to get out of an addiction?
Weaning and support
To get out of an addiction, psychological care combined with medical treatment and social support is essential.
There are also support groups that offer great support during and after withdrawal.
As for drugs, they are very effective and act as substitutes during withdrawal.
The accompaniment provided by a competent and essential health professional.
People who suffer from addictions and their families feel an increased need for listening, resources and guidance.
Public Health France has therefore put these listening numbers online:
- Telephone reception : every day from 8 a.m. to 2 a.m.
- Drugs info service 0800 23 13 13
- alcohol info service 0 980 980 930
- Player info service 09 74 75 13 13