What to do after a sunburn?

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When absorbed in moderate amounts, the sun’s rays promote the proper functioning of the body. They are, for example, essential for synthesis of vitamin Duseful for the treatment of various pathologies and effective in improving mood and cardiocirculatory activity.

On the other hand, prolonged exposure to the sun during the hottest hours of the day, with ineffective protection can damage your skin and develop a sunburn.

The face, ears, shoulders, décolletage, back and legs require more attention. These thin-skinned areas are exposed to the sun longer and are therefore most at risk.

Types of sunburn

Depending on the severity of the burns, we distinguish:

First degree sunburn

The skin is more or less red, the burn appears with a slight itching sensation and the skin is warmer to the touch. The more intense the redness, the more heat is felt. Sometimes contact with clothes is awkward, and resting your shoulder on the bed hurts.

Second degree sunburn

This is the most serious stage, bubbles filled with liquid appear on the skin. After a few days, the burn hurts, the skin is swollen and much redder.

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What to do after a sunburn?

If you’ve exposed yourself too much to UV rays and you’re showing the first symptoms of a sunburn, here’s how to relieve your pain.

Avoid further exposure to the sun

From the first signs, avoid any new exposure to the sun until complete recovery. If you absolutely must expose yourself to it, try to keep it short, using maximum SPF sunscreen.

Hydrate your skin

Hydration of the skin is essential. Start by applying fresh water compresses for a few minutes to relieve pain and cool the burned area. Dab gently with a linen or cotton towel. Avoid water that is too cold which can develop greater damage.

Then use moisturizers with hyaluronic acid and vitamin E. Anesthetic or antihistamine creams should be avoided as they can cause allergic reactions and make the burn worse.

In the meantime, eat lots of fruit and vegetables and remember to drink enough water, at least 2 liters a day. In this way, you will avoid the consequences of dehydration caused by exposure to the sun.

Use natural remedies for sunburn

After a sunburn, some natural remedies can soothe your pain. Here are some tips:

A bath refreshing

In lukewarm water, add a glass of cider vinegar, half a glass of baking soda and a pinch of coarse salt.

Potato slices

It’s a real grandmother’s remedy for sunburn. Peel a potato, cut it into medium-thin slices and apply them to the burnt areas for 20-30 minutes. You will immediately feel a cooling sensation.

This remedy has a decongestant and anti-inflammatory power. It will help you relieve itching caused by the sun.

The aloe vera

Aloe vera gel is effective in relieving sunburn, skin irritations and burns. Apply this gel to your skin, it can give you an unprecedented feeling of well-being.

To prepare a homemade cream, mix a sufficient amount of aloe vera with vegetable oil, then store this mixture in the refrigerator. After a relaxation bath in lukewarm water, gently massage your wet skin with a few drops of cream.

starch

Another remedy to treat sunburn: bathe with starch. You can dissolve 6 tablespoons in fresh water.

whole milk

Milk contains fatty acids and lactic acid which have a calming and soothing effect. Soak a clean, soft cloth in a generous amount of milk, apply it to the burn and massage lightly for 20 minutes, then rinse your skin with cold water.

green tea

It is a good soothing. After infusing it, let it cool and apply it directly to the burned skin using a towel.

Should I see a doctor?

It’s always good to have a medical opinion. It becomes more important in case of sunburn of 2th degree.

If there is no improvement, pain persists, high fever (above 38.5°C), general malaise, nausea, vomiting, or if you have symptoms of dehydration (dry mouth, excessive thirst, headaches, etc.), it is advisable to consult.

In case of severe and persistent pain and/or burning, your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen and diclofenac or paracetamol.

Also avoid using:

  • Oily creams or ointments
  • Ice is a burn, not muscle trauma. The ice would cause a thermal shock which would aggravate the situation.

not not touch the formed bubbles either.

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How to prevent sunburn?

To avoid sunburn, choose a sunscreen with an SPF adapted to your skin and the period of exposure. Favor a cream that protects both against UVB rays to prevent burns and against UVA rays to protect against deeper damage.

Apply your sunscreen generously, repeating the application every 2 hours maximum and above all, even if your cream is water resistant, it is strongly recommended to reapply it when you go out.

If you have sensitive skin, it is important to avoid prolonged exposure to the sun. To get a lasting and risk-free tan, gradually expose yourself to the sun.

To limit the risks, reduce your exposure to the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. During this time, the rays are very active!.

Also opt for peaked hats, sunglasses with a UV filter and clothes that can best protect you from sunburn and ultraviolet rays.

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A key player in health and well-being among young people, HEYME reimburses your sporting activity up to a maximum of €30/year for membership of:

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Because the health and well-being of young people are among its priorities, HEYME offers an alternative medicine package for a consultation in osteopathy, sophrology, acupuncture, kinesiology, therapeutic hypnosis, chiropractic or etiopathy and a psychological consultation package for €40/year, limited to 2 consultations of €20/year each.

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Aware that the daily life of young people goes far beyond medical appointments, HEYME offers you the health and well-being prevention package up to 80€/year. This package includes:

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